ANPACT is a non-profit institution that unites and represents companies that produce heavy vehicles of gross vehicle weight of 6.3 tons and more. It also encompasses companies producing diesel engines, and other institutions related
to the sector. It was founded at the end of 1992 . Currently, its membership includes Cummins, Detroit Diesel Allison de México, S. de RL de CV, Dina, Freightliner-Daimler, Hino Motors, International Navistar de México, Isuzu,
Kenworth, Mack Trucks, MAN, Mercedes-Benz Buses, Scania, Volkswagen of Mexico, and Volvo Buses.
At the beginning of our talk, Elizalde speaks proudly of the heavy vehicle industry in Mexico but tempers this with notes on some of the challenges facing the sector. “The Mexican commercial and heavy vehicle production industry
is a worldwide reference,” he says, adding: “We are the number one exporter of tractor units, the fourth largest exporter of heavy vehicles and sixth largest producer of heavy goods vehicles in the world. Our products drive motor
transport, mobility, logistics and international competitiveness.”
On the challenges that face his members, he says: “The main challenge for the heavy vehicle industry is in the domestic market. The motor transport sector is interested in renewing the fleet, but it is facing a series of challenges
such as theft of motor transport, increase of insurance policies, the deregulation of fuel prices, exchange rate fluctuations and the lack of a tariff calculation policy that complicate it. The result is a vehicle fleet of more
than 17 years old on average. This compromises road safety, the environment and competitiveness.”
Miguel Elizalde Lizarraga (MEL): Mexico has no engine or transmission plants making new units so a company such as Cummins or another heavy engine maker has not set up here partly because we have many remanufacturers in Mexico and
it is a historic situation, the remanufacturers can turn out a hundred as-new engines a day. It is the nature of the modern truck engine that it can be rebuilt to be as good as new several times over. No major engine maker wants
to make the investment here. There have been engine plants in the past but when the original NAFTA agreement was made, engine makers carried out analyses and decided to shift the plants back to the US.
MEL: Security is a major problem; it has been an issue for the last year in particular, since some highways in the central region of the country are dangerous, especially at night. But planning ahead, with new routes, and adopting
different schedules is a way in which this has been dealt with.
MEL: We don’t collect information on purchasing strategies of our associates but the main challenge for our members is localising procurement and production - the size and mass of many heavy truck components and systems means that
transporting them any distance increases cost much more than with passenger vehicle parts and so this factor is influential in the choice of local suppliers and good and economical delivery routes for parts.
MEL: We don’t have specific information regarding how this has changed, but we see more availability of powertrains by OEMs in recent years. This is giving more choice for operators [buyers], which can only be a good thing for our
MEL: With the forthcoming improvements in legislating the border, we don’t see the US/Mexico trade relationship becoming less attractive. If TMEC is ratified, it would be beneficial for the region. [The new T-MEC agreement, signed
in June 2019, updates the twenty-five-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA, an agreement that has brought the Mexican and US economies closer. This is particularly significant as a few months ago Mexico surpassed
Canada to become the main trading partner of the United States and the largest market for US products.]
MEL: ANPACT’s heavy duty vehicles use a mix of diesel, hybrid, electric or natural gas. While diesel is still at a reasonable cost, we do not see big shifts but this will change - we expect more electric and hybrid for last mile deliveries
but diesel and natural gas will remain as the fuel of choice for longer distance transport.
MEL: Mexico has some financing promoted by the government, but usually large companies [OEMs] have their own financing companies to support them. These companies can often provide finance in cases where the customer cannot meet the
requirements of the banks or the government schemes.